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EMBROIDERYclassic embroidery piece. bavadia embroidery.

ALL THE EMBROIDERIES ARE   STILL BEING MADE BY USING ONLY HANDS, WITH HELP OF THREADS, SMALL MIRRORS (AABHLA) NEEDLES, PEARLS ETC. SOMETIMES THEY USE CARVED WOODEN BLOCKS TO PRINT THE DESIGNS, OR THEY MAKE DESIGN (ON CLOTH) WITH THEIR OWN SENSE OF ART. ALL OF THE PATTERNS DEPEND ON THEIR HEREDITARY AND COMMUNITY. BECAUSE IN KUTCH, THE COMMUNITIES ARE DOING THIS EMBROIDERY IS TOTALLY IDENTICAL AND UNIQUE. SO THESE EMBROIDERIES AND ITS DESIGNS DEPENDS ON THE COMMUNITY, WHICH MAKES IT. LIKE AAHIR, JAT, RABARI, SHODHA ETC. AND THESE PARTICULAR EMBROIDERIES ARE GIVEN TYPICAL COMMUNITY NAMES, MADE BY THAT COMMUNITY LIKE AHIR BHARAT (EMBROIDERY), JAT EMBROIDERY......

AAHIR BHARAT (AAHIR EMBROIDERY)mutva and aahir embroidery.

THE COMMUNITY AAHIR USED TO LIVE AS SHEPHERD, BUT NOW FEW OF THEM HAVE TURNED INTO DIFFERENT BUSINESSES WITHOUT CHANGING THEIR TRADITIONS AND CLOTHES. EVEN TODAY WE CAN SEE THEIR TRADITIONAL EMBROIDERY WORK IN THEIR COMMUNITY. THE COSTUME OF AN AAHIR WOMAN INDICATES HER CASTE AND HER AGE. YOUNG WOMEN HAVE THE MOST ELABORATE COSTUMES. THEIR GATHERED SKIRTS OF HEAVY RED, GREEN, BLUE, ORANGE OR BROWN TIE-DYED COTTON ARE RICHLY EMBROIDERED AND THEIR BLACKLESS BLOUSES ARE MADE OF ORNATELY EMBROIDERED RED OR BLACK COTTON, TIE-DYED SILK OR MASHRU. ALTHOUGH EMBROIDERED FABRIC IS TRADITIONAL, WOMEN OCCASIONALLY SUBSTITUTE PAINTED OR PRINTED FABRIC DECORATED WITH SIMILAR MOTIFS. OLDER MARRIED WOMEN MUST BE CONTENT WITH PLAIN BLACK COTTON TUBE SKIRTS AND SIMPLY DECORATED COTTON OR PLAIN MASHRU BLOUSES IN SUBDUED COLOURS.

BANNI BHARAT (BANNI EMBROIDERY)

BANNI IS SEMI DESERT LAND AREA IN KUTCH. BANNI EMBROIDERY WITH ITS INTRICATE MINUTE DESIGNS IN GORGEOUS COLOURS, IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE MOST OUTSTANDING AND EXQUISITE AMONG THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF KUTCHHI EMBROIDERY. IT IS REPRESENTED BY LOHANAS OF KHAVADA AND THE JATS, MUTWAS , HARIJANS, Etc. OF BANNI VILLAGES. THE LOHANAS OF KHAVADA SPECIALIZE IN SKIRT WORK AND COVERLETS. THE EMBROIDERY OF JAT IS EXTREMELY REFINED. QUILTING IS THE MOST IMPORTANT TEXTILE TECHNIQUE USED BY JATS, THIS WORK IS KNOWN AS JAT EMBROIDERY. IT IS EMPLOYED IN MAIKING THICK QUILTED MATTERESSES, QUILTS (DHADAKI), AND BAGS (KOTHARIS). THE EMBROIDERED MOJADI (SHOES) AND SLIPPERS OF LEATHER ARE MADE BY HARIJAN COMMUNITY. THE PRINCIPAL ARTICLE IS THE AABHLO OR KHANJRI, A SORT OF WOMEN'S FROCK HAVING EMBROIDERY PART ONLY IN FRONT INTERWOVEN WITH SMALL MIRRORS CALLED AS AABHALA. AS BANNI EMBROIDERY IS TIME-CONSUMING, THE EMBROIDERED ARTICLES ARE CHARGED HIGH DEPENDING UPON THE MATERIAL AND DESIGN.

MOCHI BHARAT (MOCHI EMBROIDERY) mochi and sodha embroidery.

THE NEEDLE IS USED TO WORK ON LEATHER TO MAKE EMBROIDERY ON CLOTH WITH THE HELP OF FINGER TOP. MOCHI (SHOE MAKERS) WORK ON THE SILK WITH A HOOKED NEEDLE AND CREATES THE MAGIC WITH CHAIN STITCH. THE MAIN MOTIFS ARE LEAVES, FRUTS, FLOWERS, ANIMALS AND HUMAN FIGURES. THE MOST COMMON MOTIEF BUTTI IS ORIGINALLY DERIVED FROM PERSIAN OR MUGHAL STOCK. IN THE PRINCELY STATES THEIR SKILL WORK HIGHELY VALUED AND THE DEMAND OF THEIR WORK WAS IN WHOLE OF INDIA AND ABORAD. THE SILK WAS IMPORTED FROM EUROPE AND CHINA. THE EMBROIDERY WORK IS BEING DONE WITHOUT ANY PRIOR SKETCH OR PRINT ON THE SILK. THE ARTICLES EMBROIDERED ARE PETTICOAT, CHOLI-BLOUSE, BRASSIERE, SARI BORDER, CAP-JACKET, WALL HANGINGS, Etc. THE MOCHI EMBROIDERY IS VIRTUALLY EXTINCT.

RABARI BHARAT (RABARI EMBROIDERY)

RABARI WOMEN DRESSED IN SKIRT, BLOUSE AND ODHANIS. THEY SPIN THEIR OWN WOLLEN THREAD, BUT THE CLOTH IS WOVEN BY HARIJANS AND DYED BY KHATRIS. THE RABARI CONSIDER THE BLOUSE AS THEIR MOST IMPORTANT ART FORM. THE BLOUSE CONVEYS INFIORMATION ABOUT THE OCCASION OF WHICH IT IS WORN. DARK COTTAN BLOUSES ORNAMENTED WITH BORDERS OF GEOMETRIC PATTERNS. EMBROIDERED ELOPHANT, BIRDS, TEMPLES EMBELLISH THE BLOUSE OF YOUNG "DHEBARIA" AND "VAGADIA" WOMEN. THE RABARIS FRIQUENTLY USE THE OPEN CHAIN STITCH TO CREAT THEIR MOTIFS WITH THE HELP OF SMALL MIRRORS (AABHALAS).

SOOF BHARAT ( SOOF EMBROIDERY) ambira and soof embroidery.

    THE PEOPLE OF SHODHA COMMUNITY, ARE EXPERT IN THIS FIELD. ACCURATE & CALCULATED THREADS ARE TAKEN OUT OF THE CLOTH AND CARRY ON THEIR DESIGN ACCORDING TO TRADITIONAL WAY ON ONE SIDE AND ITS IMAGE IS OBTAINED ON THE OTHER SIDE. MOTIFS ARE NEVER DRAWN ON THE CLOTH, EACH ARTIST IMAGINES HIS/HER OWN DESIGN IN THE MIND AND WORKS IT OUT GEOMETRICALLY. THIS MASTER CRAFTWORK REQUIRES KEEN EYE SIGHT AND SOPHISTICATED UNDERSTANDING OF MATHAMETICS AND GEOMETRY. THE TRADITIONAL PIECES MADE OUT OF SOOF EMBROIDERY ARE LIKE TORAN, BLOUSE PIECES, SKIRT AND WALL PIECES.

THREAD LESS EMBROIDERY

     WITHOUT USING A THREAD AND ONLY WITH THE HELP OF BRUSH AND NATURAL COLORS EMBROIDERY IS BEING DONE BY FEW ARTISTS HERE.

MOTI KAM (PEARL WORK)

CRAFTSMEN ARE VERY ACCURATE WITH THE PEARLS. THEY ARE USED TO MAKE HIGHLY CRAFTED CLOTHES AND MANY MORE CREATIVE STUFF OUT OF THE PEARLS.

FOLLOWING ITEMS ARE MADE OF ABOVE ART

PIECE OF CLOTHS; KURTAS; KURTA SET; BAGS; CUSHION COVERS; BED SPREAD; BORDERS; BLOUSE PIECE; JACKETS; SAREES; SHAWLS; DUPATTAS;WALL HANGINGS; CHANIA CHOLI; CHOLI; MUFFLER; HANDKERCHIEF; LUNGI; BLANKET; TORAN (ALL KIND OF DECORATIVE PIECES); CHAKADA (WALL PIECE WHICH IS MADE OF HAND EMBROIDERY).